Some common examples of federal crimes would include: alcohol violations, arms violations, bank fraud, bank robbery, child pornography, firearms violations, computer crime, trafficking in drugs, espionage, certain hate crimes, identity theft, immigration violations, income tax evasion, Internet fraud, mail fraud, money laundering, RICO violations, and assassination attempts on the President.
The prosecution of federal criminal cases is handled by the Office of the U.S. Attorney. The trials are held in District Courts.
In California, there are four Judicial Districts:
the Northern District, Central District, Eastern District and Southern
District. The Judicial Districts are reviewed on appeal at the Circuit
Court of Appeals. California is a part of the Ninth
Circuit Court of Appeals, along with Alaska, Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho,
Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands.
The Ninth Circuit is stationed primarily in San Francisco, California,
but also meets in Pasadena, Portland and Seattle.
Federal Enforcement Officers
According to the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, in September, 2004, there were 106,354 full-time Federal enforcement officers. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection was the largest employer, with 28,200. For comparison purposes, at the same time there were one million full-time law enforcement officers for state and local law agencies.
The FBI and ATF
There are 115 federal institutions with 6 regional
offices, that are responsible for approximately 204,000 offenders. In
2006, 79,904 people were convicted and sentenced for federal crimes, of
which 63,699 were incarcerated for an average term of slightly over 5
years prison. 146 people were convicted for murder (including non-negligent
manslaughter) and 140 were incarcerated for an average term of 10 years.
30 people were convicted of committing threats against the President,
and 24 of them were incarcerated for an average term of 20 months. 46
people were convicted of crimes against "national defense" and
29 of them were incarcerated for an average term of 15 years.
Written by Patrick
H. Kelly, Attorney at Law
- Written by Patrick H. Kelly, Attorney at Law
History of Criminal Law
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